Although the matrix organizational structure attempts to reduce conflict in the workplace, it tends to create plenty of drama when implemented. Definition A matrix organizational structure is a company structure in which the reporting relationships are set up […] The matrix structure is different in striking ways: Matrix structures evolved in response to the rise of large-scale projects in contemporary organizations. In the reviewed publications, three characteristics are considered primarily as advantages of matrix structures, one as a disadvantage, whereas the four remaining arouse controversies as to their beneficial or negative nature. The 6 key advantages and disadvantages of a matrix organization. Adding matrix questions in a survey reduces the amount of space you use in the survey when asking similar questions. The following are a few disadvantages of a matrix organizational structure: Employees may have to report to two managers which adds confusion. These may become ambiguous and conflict with each other. Since the power dynamics between the functional manager and the project manager may not be as clearly defined within the matrix, confusion about the specific managerial roles may arise. Some examples of these conflicts include issues with decision-making, authority over resources, and control of teams or people. Our jobs as leaders is to help deliver the advantages and prevent the potential disadvantages. Because the two organizations have different timelines – one relatively permanent, the other designed to expire with the completion of the project – the kinds of managerial discontent that can arise when a sub-unit in an organization "steals" employees to work on a project is muted. The advantages of this structure are: Resources are used efficiently and can move around between projects as needed. The matrix organizational structure provided solutions to these large scale project problems by allowing for impermanent project structures that co-existed with relatively permanent functional structures. of Pretoria, Dept of Engineering and Technology Management: Characteristics of Matrix Structures, and Their Effects on Project Success, LumenLearning: Common Organizational Structures, Advantages & Disadvantages of Group Cohesiveness & Productivity, The Advantages of Functional Project Organizational Structure, Implications of Organizational Culture on Project Structure, Corporate Organizational Structure for a Project Manager, Employees are generally accountable to more than one boss, There are usually two separate chains of command, The matrix structure is designed to be partially impermanent, There are two kinds of managers: functional managers and project managers, The balance of power between functional and project managers isn't organizationally defined, Workable way of integrating project objectives with functional objectives, Rapid (often interdisciplinary) information flow through the project, Retention of expert teams through the life of the project, Rapid dispersion of team members back into the functional organization upon project completion without organizational disruption, Project management trains managers to become leaders in the functional organization, Project structures develop team spirit and high morale, Possibility of conflicts arising during the project carrying over to functional management, Two-boss problems, leaving project members caught in the middle, Project members playing bosses against one another, Requirement for high degree of cooperation between functional and project management, Potential for conflicting management directives, Difficulty of establishing priorities suiting both functional and project management, Possible slowdowns in management reaction to events when two structures required for solution, Possible structural collapse in "crunch time". 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