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oceanus greek mythology

The ancient Greeks viewed Oceanus as a kind and benevolent deity, and he was generally represented as an older male with a flowing beard that symbolized his fatherly authority. The Oceanids were the 3,000 daughters of Oceanus, the Titan god of the earth encircling river, and his wife, the Titanide Tethys. Oceanus was the eldest of all Titans. Oceanus was the perfect river and the ruler of the waters and the seas. 15. [20], According to Epimenides' Theogony, Oceanus was the father, by Gaia, of the Harpies. Oceanus was also the god who regulated the rising and setting of the heavenly bodies which were belived to emerge and descend into his watery realm at the ends of the earth. He is the Titan of the sea and all water boundaries. [11], According to Hesiod, there were also three thousand Oceanids. Etymology. [64] And for both Hesiod and Homer, Oceanus seems to have marked a boundary beyond which the cosmos became more fantastical. Here are the details of his story: Divine Representation of the Sea. 117–118; Fowler 2013. [51], Although sometimes treated as a person (such as Oceanus visiting Prometheus in Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound, see above) Oceanus is more usually considered to be a place,[52] that is, as the great world-encircling river. Greek text available at Perseus Digital Library, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Livio Catullo Stecchini, "Ancient Cosmology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oceanus&oldid=995794154, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having different image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Williams, Dyfri, "Sophilos in the British Museum" in, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 22:47. Gantz, pp. Herodotus was skeptical about the physical existence of Oceanus and rejected the reasoning—proposed by some of his coevals—according to which the uncommon phenomenon of the summerly Nile flood was caused by the river's connection to the mighty Oceanus. Oceanus was the Oceanus is depicted (labeled) as one of the gods fighting the Giants in the Gigantomachy frieze of the second century BC Pergamon Altar. Oceanus was married to his sister, Tethys, with whom he had numerous children, called Oceanids. For my part I know of no river called Ocean, and I think that Homer, or one of the earlier poets, invented the name, and introduced it into his poetry. In Greek mythology, the Oceanids or Oceanides (/ oʊˈsiːənɪdz, ˈoʊʃənɪdz /; Ancient Greek: Ὠκεανίδες, Ōkeanides, pl. 146–147. Many early works of art depict him as somewhat resembling a … [72] According to Homer, from Oceanus "all rivers flow and every sea, and all the springs and deep wells". He was later considered as a simple sea god or the personification of the sea. It is said that he did not participate in the war and left his Titan brothers. "[32] However, as Timothy Gantz points out, "mother" could simply refer to the fact that Tethys was Hera's foster mother for a time, as Hera tells us in the lines immediately following, while the reference to Oceanus as the genesis of the gods "might be simply a formulaic epithet indicating the numberless rivers and springs descended from Okeanos" (compare with Iliad 21.195–197). He was a personification of all salt water of the world, more precisely Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic Ocean and … In Hellenistic and Roman mosaics, this Titan was often depicted as having the upper body of a muscular man with a long beard and horns (often represented as the claws of a crab) and the lower body of a serpent (cfr. Apollonius of Rhodes, similarly, calls the lower Danube the Kéras Okeanoío ("Gulf" or "Horn of Oceanus"). Antonyms for Oceanus. 1 Attributes 1.1 God Power 1.2 Technologies 1.3 Myth Units 2 Strategy 3 Mythology Carnivora - Summons a Carnivora plant that eats nearby enemy human soldiers or sinks ships (3 uses). Oceanus was a Titan, which means he was of the old generation of gods that reigned before Zeus, and was the first born son of Uranus and Gaea who represented the sky and the earth, respectively. In Greek mythology, this ocean-stream was personified as a Titan, the eldest son of Uranus and Gaia. [4] Hesiod lists his Titan siblings as Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Tethys, and Cronus. Oceanus (Okeanos, Ocean) Oceanus was a Titan god of enormous river called Okeanos which was believed to be encircling the world and was connecting this world to other realms, such as heavenly realms from which the gods came and underworld where the souls of the dead lived. 11–12; West 1983, pp. In Homers Iliad, Oceanus is referred to as ”the great Sea God who encircles the world”. This is the god of the backward-flowing river Ocean, which bounds the earth and from which all rivers flow and every sea, and all the springs and wells. [7] These included: Achelous, the god of the Achelous River, the largest river in Greece, who gave his daughter in marriage to Alcmaeon[8] and was defeated by Heracles in a wrestling contest for the right to marry Deianira;[9] Alpheus, who fell in love with the nymph Arethusa and pursued her to Syracuse where she was transformed into a spring by Artemis;[10] and Scamander who fought on the side of the Trojans during the Trojan War and got offended when Achilles polluted his waters with a large number of Trojan corpses, overflowed his banks nearly drowning Achilles. Thousand Oceanids the lesser gods and goddesses, including Tethys who would later become the wife of.... Ὠκεανός ) was a great, fresh-water stream which encircled the flat disc of the Titans, a... Calls the lower Danube the Kéras Okeanoío ( `` Gulf '' or `` of! Pygmies as living nearby Oceanus in his poem Dionysiaca, described `` lakes. Had 12 Titan children – the Elder gods Eileithyia, with whom he numerous. 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